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Statistical Terms Inward FDI stock (Percentage of GDP)
Foreign Direct Investment
This table contains information on foreign direct investment (FDI) inward and outward flows and stock, expressed in millions of dollars. These figures correspond to the Statistical Annexes of the UNCTAD World Investment Report.
The World Investment Report, which is released in June each year (t), contains annual data up to the year before (t-1). However, at the time of publication, the data for the most recent year are still preliminary and are subject to revision by the national authorities. When they revise data, UNCTAD updates its database accordingly.
The table also presents the following indicators: the percentage share of each economy/group in the world, and percentage ratios of FDI to GDP.
(1) UNCTAD, Division on Investment and Enterprise, World Investment Report, Statistical Annex
(2) UNCTAD, UNCTADstat, Total trade in goods and services
(3) UNCTAD, UNCTADstat, Gross domestic product
(4) UNCTAD, UNCTADstat, Total Population
Temporal Coverage
Foreign direct investment (FDI) is an investment made by a resident enterprise in one economy (direct investor or parent enterprise) with the objective of establishing a lasting interest in an enterprise that is resident in another economy (direct investment enterprise or foreign affiliate). The lasting interest implies the existence of a long-term relationship between the direct investor and the direct investment enterprise and a significant degree of influence on the management of the enterprise. The ownership of 10% or more of the voting power of a direct investment enterprise by a direct investor is evidence of such a relationship.

FDI flows comprise mainly three components:
(1) acquisition or disposal of equity capital. FDI includes the initial equity transaction that meets the 10% threshold and all subsequent financial transactions and positions between the direct investor and the direct investment enterprise;
(2) reinvestment of earnings which are not distributed as dividends;
(3) inter-company debt.